Manuscript Review Continuing Medical Education: A Retrospective Investigation of the Learning Outcomes From This Peer Reviewer Benefit

BMJ Open (11/01/2010) Vol. 10, No. 11 Kawczak, Steven; Mustafa, Sultana

A retrospective study explored self-reported learning outcomes for peer reviewers participating in a manuscript review continuing medical education (CME) process from 2013 to 2017. The authors analyzed data from 1,985 peer reviewers who completed 2,413 manuscript reviews in 32 medical journals, as well as the CME process following prepublication manuscript review. A total of 417 reviewer responses involved practice behavior changes, indicating positive learning outcomes at the knowledge, competence and performance behavior levels. Higher levels of learning outcomes are realized more often when reviewers consult multiple sources when performing reviews. Reviewer demographics, such as gender or years of experience, had no significant association with learning outcomes. "Journal publishers should emphasize and support reviewers through offering CME to reviewers and encourage consultation of multiple sources when conducting reviews, which is an added benefit and resource to help professionals continue their development," the researchers recommended.

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